The Lord Howe Island is a crescent shaped volcanic island found between Australia and New Zealand though it’s under New South Wales jurisdiction. The Lord Howe Island is 11km long with an area of 16.56km2, and is mostly populated in the north while the south is consists of mostly forested hills. The island is described to have discovered in 1788 by a Lt. L. Ball and named after the first Lord of the Admiralty, Earl Howe. The Lord Howe Group of Islands consists of islands (e.g. the Admiralty Group which is a cluster of 7 small islands), islets (e.g. Balls Pyramid) and rocks and volcanic mountains (Mt. Lidgbird, Mt. Gower and Mt. Eliza).
The Lord Howe Island has been named a World Heritage Site by UNESCO because it contains vast acres of virgin forests that contain numerous plants and animals that are unique to it due to its isolation and the fact that it has never been part of any continent. The unique flora and fauna include the Lord Howe Skink, Lord Howe Gecko, Lord Howe Currawong, Lord Howe Woodhen and the Large Forest Bat. The Lord Howe Island’s major economic activity is tourism with accommodation ranging from apartments to luxury lodges though no camping or recreational activities are allowed so as to protect its delicate ecosystem. The available recreational activities include snorkeling, scuba diving, windsurfing, kayaking, etc. The Lord Howe Island has mild summers and cool winters and is accessible via the Lord Howe Island Airport.